The world is going through a climate emergency and facing a devastating situation due to environmental degradation. Pollution across the world is at a dangerous level, which is threatening the lives of humans and animals. Unsustainable development is negatively impacting the environment by generating excessive waste. The world needs sustainable technologies for production to continue growth and development without impacting nature. Innovators in every industry are developing technologies that could produce products less harmful to the environment.
SARS-CoV-2 or Covid-19 is a zoonotic disease, meaning it has been passed from the animals to human beings. According to scientists, the number of emerging infectious disease outbreaks has more than tripled every decade since the 1980s. Approximately 70 percent of these emerging diseases in humans are of zoonotic origin, and there are 1.7 million undiscovered viruses likely to exist in wildlife. COVID-19 virus belongs to the family of viruses responsible for deadly diseases such as SARS and MERS. Diseases such as Ebola, HIV, swine, and avian flu are also zoonotic diseases. The reason for COVID-19, MERS, and SARS is the consumption of wildlife carrying the viruses.